The GVAP target for indicator SO 5.2: Availability of Vaccines for Routine Immunization at National Level (Stockouts) is a two-thirds reduction in countries reporting national-level stockouts by 2020 (from 2010 level). The following visualisation presents a summary of national-level vaccine stock-outs and their duration that took place between 2010 and 2015.
Whereas the stockout indicators analysed above are the primary GVAP performance measure for an immunization supply chain, four additional indicators were included in the WHO-UNICEF joint reporting form as of 2014 to allow further understanding of immunization supply chains according to the three objectives of availability, quality and efficiency.
- Y/N to whether the country has an electronic stock management system at district levels and below
- The % of cold chain equipment at sub-national levels of the supply chain in a country that is equipped with continuous temperature monitors
- Y/N to whether the country has an immunization supply chain improvement plan
- Y/N to whether the country has a dedicated supply chain manager at national level
Note: A stock-out event is defined as having taken place when a stock-out of a vaccine occurred for a duration of at least one month at national level. To improve cross-country comparison, the analysis focuses on select vaccines common to all national immunization schedules. These include: bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccine, diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus (DTP) containing vaccine, measles-containing vaccine (excluding DTP-HepB-Hib and measles, mumps, and rubella [MMR] vaccine) and polio vaccine (excluding inactivated polio vaccine [IPV]). Source of data is the WHO-UNICEF Joint Reporting Form.