Impact that the COVID-19 pandemic on routine childhood vaccinations and challenges ahead: A narrative review
Aim: To document the decline in vaccination coverage in the first months of 2020 as an indirect effect of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: We performed a literature review in medical databases. Overall, 143 articles were initially retrieved, out of which 48 were selected and included in the review. Results: Our review retrieved similar data in many countries worldwide, and, globally, preliminary data from the first 4 months of 2020 indicate a decline in diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis coverage, generally considered the marker of vaccination coverage across countries. World Health Organization recommends maintaining vaccination services, prioritising primary series vaccinations especially for measles-rubella or poliomyelitis, but it also lets each country decide whether to maintain the immunisation services evaluating the current epidemiology of vaccine-preventable diseases and the COVID-19 local transmission scenario. Successively, recovering of vaccinations should be planned. Moreover, during the pandemic, influenza vaccination should be promoted as a central public health measure. Conclusion: Future challenges will be to maintain the vaccination programmes, especially in children younger than 2 years old and adolescents, to plan the recovery of vaccinations for subjects who postponed them during the lockdown, and to early identify any vaccine-preventable disease outbreak. Keywords: COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; children; immunisation coverage; pandemic; vaccinations.
Maintain and increase vaccination coverage in children, adolescents, adults and elderly people: Let's avoid adding epidemics to the pandemic: Appeal from the Board of the Vaccination Calendar for Life in Italy: Maintain and increase coverage also by re-organizing vaccination services and reassuring the population
Immunization During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Recommendations From Indian Academy of Pediatrics Advisory Committee on Vaccines and Immunization Practices
- Author: Abhay K Shah, Advisory Committee on Vaccines and Immunization Practices (ACVIP), 2020-21, Indian Academy of Pediatrics, India, Bakul J Parekh, G V Basavaraja, Harish Kumar Pemde, Kripasindhu Chatarjee, Piyush Gupta, S Balasubramanian, S Shivananda, Sanjay Marathe, Sanjay Srirampur, Sanjay Verma, Shashi Kant Dhir, Srinivas G Kasi, Srinivas Kalyani, Sunil Agarwalla
- Published: 2020
- Tags: COVID-19