Immunization campaigns during the COVID-19 pandemic: A rapid analysis of the additional operational cost


An analysis using data from 10 campaign costing studies to calculate the additional cost of potential operational changes due to COVID-19 estimated that the operational costs of a campaign could increase by 5% when adding handwashing stations, 9-20% when adding PPE, by 10-26% when adding crowd controllers to manage physical distancing and triaging, by 8-32% due to additional per diems associated with campaign extension, and by 10-40% when certain operational aspects of the campaign (such as social mobilization and transport) are increased.